Data from a treatment reversal design conducted by Romaniuk and colleagues (2002). The variables are as follows:

  • case Participant identifier

  • phase Factor identifying the phase of the design

  • condition Factor identifying the treatment condition

  • session Measurement occasion

  • outcome Problem behavior

  • measurement Character string describing how problem behavior was measured


A data frame with 148 rows and 4 variables


Romaniuk, C., Miltenberger, R., Conyers, C., Jenner, N., Jurgens, M., & Ringenberg, C. (2002). The influence of activity choice on problem behaviors maintained by escape versus attention. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 35(4), 349-62. doi:10.1901/jaba.2002.35-349